Commandments

Had to take a break from 1st Samuel (so, so, so boring) so I wanted to read a part of the Bible where something happens, like Exodus.

I always wanted to see what the real ’10 commandments’ were, with my own eyes, so here goes, from Exodus 20:

  1. You shall have no other gods before Me.
  2. You shall not make to yourselves any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in the heavens above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.  You shall not bow yourself down to them, nor serve them. For I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons to the third and fourth generation of those that hate me, and showing mercy to thousands of those that love Me and keep My commandments.
  3. You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. For the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes His name in vain.
  4. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. You shall not do any work, you nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and sanctified it.
  5. Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long upon the land which the LORD your God gives you.
  6. You shall not kill.
  7. You shall not commit adultery.
  8. You shall not steal.
  9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
  10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.
  11. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.

Wait, what?  11 commandments?  Or, can I combine 9, 10, and 11 to come to a total of 9?  I guess if you combine 10 and 11 you can have 10, but they are separate sentences and commandments. So, we have 11 commandments, at this point.  But wait, we are not done with even this chapter, there are a few more:

  1. You shall not make with Me gods of silver, neither shall you make to you gods of gold.
  2. You shall make an altar of earth to Me, and shall sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen.
  3. And if you will make Me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of cut stone. For if you lift up your tool upon it, you have defiled it.
  4. And you shall not go up by steps to My altar, that your nakedness be not uncovered on it.

I guess this 1a and 2 are the same, but why restate it?  They seem pretty different to me, so we are up to 15 commandments now.

But, off to Exodus 21 now:

  1.  If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years. And in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he was married, then his wife shall go out with him. If his master has given him a wife, and she has borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out by himself. And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my sons. I do not want to go out free his master shall bring him to the judges. He shall also bring him to the door or to the door-post. And his master shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he shall serve him forever. And if a man sells his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do. If she does not please her master, who has betrothed her to himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no power to sell her to a strange nation, since he has dealt deceitfully with her. And if he has betrothed her to his son, he shall deal with her as with daughters. If he takes himself another wife, her food, her clothing, and her duty of marriage shall not be lessened. And if he does not do these three to her, then she shall go out free without money.
  2. He that strikes a man, so that he dies, shall be surely put to death. And if a man does not lie in wait, but God delivers him into his hand, then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee. But if a man comes presumptuously upon his neighbor to slay him with guile, you shall take him from My altar, so that he may die.
  3. And he that strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.
  4. And he that steals a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.
  5. And he that curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.
  6. And if men strive together, and one strikes another with a stone, or with his fist, and he does not die, but keeps his bed; if he rises again and walks abroad upon his staff, then he that struck him shall be set free. Only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be completely healed.
  7. And if a man strikes his servant, or his maidservant, with a rod, and he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished. But if he continues a day or two, he shall not be punished. For he is his money.

Commandments that make slavery legal, manslaughter ok, and making sure we know that slaves are nothing more than property.

  1. If men strive and strike a pregnant woman, so that her child comes out, and there is no injury, he shall surely be punished, according as the woman’s husband will lay upon him. And he shall pay as the judges say And if any injury occurs, then you shall give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
  2. And if a man strike the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, so that it perishes, he shall let him go free on account of his eye. And if he strikes out his manservant’s tooth, or his maidservant’s tooth, he shall let him go free on account of his tooth.
  3. If an ox gores a man or woman so that they die, then the ox shall surely be stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten. But the owner of the ox shall be set free. But if the ox was apt to gore in time past, and his owner has been told, and he has not kept him in, but that he has killed a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death. If there is laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatever is laid upon him. Whether he has gored a son, or has gored a daughter, according to this judgment it shall be done to him. If the ox shall gore a manservant or a maidservant, he shall give to their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass falls in it, the owner of the pit shall make it good and give silver to its owner. And the dead shall be his. And in the event the ox of a man damages the ox of a neighbor, so that it dies, then they shall sell the living ox, and they shall divide the money of it. And they shall also divide the dead ox. Or if it is known that the ox has been apt to gore in time past, and his owner has not kept him in, he shall surely pay ox for ox. And the dead shall be his own.

This is going to take a while, so stay tuned…

Back now, turns out I am not up to the task, so, thanks to others more dedicated than myself, here are the…613 commandments.  No, I am not making that up.  Six Hundred Thirteen commandments:

  1. To know there is a GodEx. 20:2
  2. Not to even think that there are other gods besides Him — Standard->Ex. 20:3 Yemenite->Ex. 20:2
  3. To know that He is OneDeut. 6:4
  4. To love HimDeut. 6:5
  5. To fear HimDeut. 10:20
  6. To sanctify His NameLev. 22:32
  7. Not to profane His NameLev. 22:32
  8. Not to destroy objects associated with His NameDeut. 12:4
  9. To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name — Deut. 18:15
  10. Not to try the LORD unduly — Deut. 6:16
  11. To emulate His waysDeut. 28:9
  12. To cleave to those who know HimDeut. 10:20
  13. To love other JewsLev. 19:18
  14. To love convertsDeut. 10:19
  15. Not to hate fellow Jews — Lev. 19:17
  16. To reprove a sinner — Lev. 19:17
  17. Not to embarrass othersLev. 19:17
  18. Not to oppress the weak — Ex. 22:21
  19. Not to speak derogatorily of othersLev. 19:16
  20. Not to take revengeLev. 19:18
  21. Not to bear a grudge — Lev. 19:18
  22. To learn TorahDeut. 6:7
  23. To honor those who teach and know TorahLev. 19:32
  24. Not to inquire into idolatryLev. 19:4
  25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see — Num. 15:39
  26. Not to blasphemeEx. 22:27
  27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped — Standard->Ex. 20:6 Yemenite->Ex. 20:5
  28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God — Standard->Ex. 20:6 Yemenite->Ex. 20:5
  29. Not to make an idol for yourself — Standard->Ex. 20:5 Yemenite->Ex. 20:4
  30. Not to make an idol for othersLev. 19:4
  31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes — Standard->Ex. 20:21 Yemenite->Ex. 20:20
  32. Not to turn a city to idolatryDeut. 13:14
  33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worshipDeut. 13:17
  34. Not to rebuild it as a cityDeut. 13:17
  35. Not to derive benefit from itDeut. 13:18
  36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worshipDeut. 13:12
  37. Not to love the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  38. Not to cease hating the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  39. Not to save the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  40. Not to say anything in the idolater’s defenseDeut. 13:9
  41. Not to refrain from incriminating the idolaterDeut. 13:9
  42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatryDeut. 13:14
  43. Not to listen to a false prophetDeut. 13:4
  44. Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God — Deut. 18:20
  45. Not to be afraid of the false prophetDeut. 18:22
  46. Not to swear in the name of an idolEx. 23:13
  47. Not to perform ov (medium) — Lev. 19:31
  48. Not to perform yidoni (“magical seer”) — Lev. 19:31
  49. Not to pass your children through the fire to MolechLev. 18:21
  50. Not to erect a pillar in a public place of worship — Deut. 16:22
  51. Not to bow down before a smooth stone — Lev. 26:1
  52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard — Deut. 16:21
  53. To destroy idols and their accessoriesDeut. 12:2
  54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessoriesDeut. 7:26
  55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idolsDeut. 7:25
  56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters —Deut. 7:2
  57. Not to show favor to them — Deut. 7:2
  58. Not to let them dwell in the Land of IsraelEx. 23:33
  59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing — Lev. 20:23
  60. Not to be superstitiousLev. 19:26
  61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. — Deut. 18:10
  62. Not to engage in divination or soothsaying — Lev. 19:26
  63. Not to mutter incantationsDeut. 18:11
  64. Not to attemp